Facts about India
- India never invaded any country in her last
100000 years of history.
- When many cultures were only nomadic forest
dwellers over 5000 years ago, Indians established
Harappan culture in Sindhu Valley (Indus Valley
- The name 'India' is derived from the River Indus,
the valleys around which were the home of the early
settlers. The Aryan worshippers referred to the
river Indus as the Sindhu.
- The Persian invaders converted it into Hindu. The
name 'Hindustan' combines Sindhu and Hindu and thus
refers to the land of the Hindus.
- Chess was invented in India.
- Algebra, Trigonometry and Calculus are studies,
which originated in India.
- The 'Place Value System' and the 'Decimal System'
were developed in India in 100 B.C.
- The World's First Granite Temple is the
Brihadeswara Temple at Tanjavur, Tamil Nadu. The
shikhara of the temple is made from a single
80-tonne piece of granite. This magnificent temple
was built in just five years, (between 1004 AD and
1009 AD) during the reign of Rajaraja Chola.
- India is the largest democracy in the world, the
6th largest Country in the world, and one of the
most ancient civilizations.
- The game of Snakes & Ladders was created by
the 13th century poet saint Gyandev. It was
originally called 'Mokshapat'. The ladders in the
game represented virtues and the snakes indicated
vices. The game was played with cowrie shells and
dices. In time, the game underwent several
modifications, but its meaning remained the same,
i.e. good deeds take people to heaven and evil to a
cycle of re-births.
- The world's highest cricket ground is in Chail,
Himachal Pradesh. Built in 1893 after leveling a
hilltop, this cricket pitch is 2444 meters above sea
- India has the largest number of Post Offices in
- The largest employer in the world is the Indian
Railways, employing over a million people.
- The world's first university was established in
Takshila in 700 BC. More than 10,500 students from
all over the world studied more than 60 subjects.
The University of Nalanda built in the 4th century
was one of the greatest achievements of ancient
India in the field of education.
- Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine known
to mankind. The Father of Medicine, Charaka,
consolidated Ayurveda 2500 years ago.
- India was one of the richest countries till the
time of British rule in the early 17th Century.
Christopher Columbus, attracted by India's wealth,
had come looking for a sea route to India when he
discovered America by mistake.
- The Art of Navigation & Navigating was born
in the river Sindh over 6000 years ago. The very
word Navigation is derived from the Sanskrit word
'NAVGATIH'. The word navy is also derived from the
Sanskrit word 'Nou'.
- Bhaskaracharya rightly calculated the time taken
by the earth to orbit the Sun hundreds of years
before the astronomer Smart. According to his
calculation, the time taken by the Earth to orbit
the Sun was 365.258756484 days.
- The value of "pi" was first calculated
by the Indian Mathematician Budhayana, and he
explained the concept of what is known as the
Pythagorean Theorem. He discovered this in the 6th
century, long before the European mathematicians.
- Algebra, Trigonometry and Calculus also
originated in India.Quadratic Equations were used by
Sridharacharya in the 11th century. The largest
numbers the Greeks and the Romans used were 106
whereas Hindus used numbers as big as 10*53 (i.e. 10
to the power of 53) with specific names as early as
5000 B.C.during the Vedic period.Even today, the
largest used number is Terra: 10*12(10 to the power
- Until 1896, India was the only source of diamonds
in the world
(Source: Gemological Institute of America).
- The Baily Bridge is the highest bridge in the
world. It is located in the Ladakh valley between
the Dras and Suru rivers in the Himalayan mountains.
It was built by the Indian Army in August 1982.
- Sushruta is regarded as the Father of Surgery.
Over2600 years ago Sushrata & his team conducted
complicated surgeries like cataract, artificial
limbs, cesareans, fractures, urinary stones, plastic
surgery and brain surgeries.
- Usage of anaesthesia was well known in ancient
Indian medicine. Detailed knowledge of anatomy,
embryology, digestion, metabolism,physiology,
etiology, genetics and immunity is also found in
many ancient Indian texts.
- India exports software to 90 countries.
- The four religions born in India - Hinduism,
Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism, are followed by 25%
of the world's population.
- Jainism and Buddhism were founded in India in 600
B.C. and 500 B.C. respectively.
- Islam is India's and the world's second largest
- There are 300,000 active mosques in India, more
than in any other country, including the Muslim
- The oldest European church and synagogue in India
are in the city of Cochin. They were built in 1503
and 1568 respectively.
- Jews and Christians have lived continuously in
India since 200 B.C. and 52 A.D. respectively
- The largest religious building in the world is
Angkor Wat, a Hindu Temple in Cambodia built at the
end of the 11th century.
- The Vishnu Temple in the city of Tirupathi built
in the 10th century, is the world's largest
religious pilgrimage destination. Larger than either
Rome or Mecca, an average of 30,000 visitors donate
$6 million (US) to the temple everyday.
- Sikhism originated in the Holy city of Amritsar
in Punjab. Famous for housing the Golden Temple, the
city was founded in 1577.
- Varanasi, also known as Benaras, was called "the
Ancient City" when Lord Buddha visited it in
500 B.C., and is the oldest, continuously inhabited
city in the world today.
- India provides safety for more than 300,000
refugees originally from Sri Lanka, Tibet, Bhutan,
Afghanistan and Bangladesh, who escaped to flee
religious and political persecution.
- His Holiness, the Dalai Lama, the exiled
spiritual leader of Tibetan Buddhists, runs his
government in exile from Dharmashala in northern
- Martial Arts were first created in India, and
later spread to Asia by Buddhist missionaries.
- Yoga has its origins in India and has existed for
over 5,000 years.